Awful Protection against Midges

PRE-RAPHAELITE (founded 1848) Biography

Awful Protection against Midges (Scotland, 1853)

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Pen and sepia ink on paper
Signed with monogram, inscribed and dated 1853


16.50cm high
11.00cm wide
(6.50 inches high)
(4.33 inches wide)
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John Leech; given to:
Henry Silver of Punch; given to:
Sir Ralph Millais; sold at:
Christie's London, 11 June 1968, Lot 149
Spink, London
Martin Whiteley


John Everett Millais, mss letter to Mrs. Combe, 6 September 1853
Punch, or the London Charivari, 12 November 1853, page 198, illustrated from a wood engraving by John Leech titled Ingenious Protection against Midges - A Valuable Hint to Sketchers from Nature
Mary Lutyens, Millais's Portrait of Ruskin, Apollo April 1967, page 246, reproduced figure 9
Mary Lutyens & Malcolm Warner, Rainy Days at Brig o'Turk: The Highland Sketch Books of John Everett Millais 1853, Dalrymple Press, London 1983, page 80, reproduced

Exhibition History

London, Royal Academy, PRB Millais PRA, 1967, number 307
Liverpool, Walker Art gallery, PRB Millais PRA, 1967, number 307
London, The Fine Art Society, Rainy Days at Brig o'Turk, an Exhibition of Drawings from the Highland Sketchbooks of John Everett Millais 1853, June-July 1983, number 41

Description / Expertise

This drawing comes from a series of about twenty-five amusing records that Millais made as a visual diary of his stay in Scotland with John Ruskin and his wife Effie. It was on this holiday at Brig o’Turk, taken between July and October in 1853, that Millais painted his famous portrait of John Ruskin standing beside Glenfinlas Falls and became deeply infatuated with his wife, Effie. Millais was an avid fan of the humorous magazine Punch and on returning from Scotland he showed the results of the lighter side of his trip (his relations with Ruskin having become naturally somewhat strained) to his friend, the Punch cartoonist John Leech. Although Millais was delighted to see his sketches published he asked for them to be anonymous. The images “would never go with the serious position I occupy in regard to Art”.

Awful Protection Against Midges was published on the 12th November 1853. It appeared with the title Ingenious protection against midges - a valuable hint to sketchers from nature. Simplified by Leech for the wood block engraving, the Punch illustration lacks the delicate detail of the original drawing. Millais had written to his friend Martha Combe from Brig o’Turk on the 6th September describing this well-known Scottish pest. “There is one drawback to this almost perfect happiness - the midges. They bite so dreadfully that it is beyond human endurance to sit quiet, therefore many a splendid day passes without being able to work”. Martha and Thomas Combe were important Pre-Raphaelite patrons.

The kilted figure on the left is Millais’ pupil and friend, the artist Michael Halliday in his adopted native attire. On the right may well be Millais himself, however Millais usually portrayed himself with exaggerated gangly legs and arms. An alternative candidate is Millais’ brother William, who can be seen sketching in another of the drawings smoking a similar cheroot. William’s favoured pastime was trout fishing for breakfast.